Since we have discussed in the previous article about time study benefits and practices, the next step is to gather the standard data against which the operator rating, improvement plans, incentive schemes and other key points have to be decided. So in this article we will discuss how to gather […]

Steps of gathering standard data in time study


According to Gene Levine ” TIme study is a procedure used to determine the time it should take a well-trained, qualified  person with average motivation, working at normal pace, using a specific method, to do a specific task of specific quantity.” The procedure employs the stopwatch as a measuring device. […]

Time study : Benefits and Practices


Sampling is a very important process for a garment manufacturing industry. For this reason garments industries have a garment sampling department. For the confirmation of an export order, sampling plays a very important role. According to the condition of the sample made, buyer decides whether to give the order or not. […]

Workflow of the Sampling Department



Given below are are different types of testing equipment used in apparel sector to maintain  the quality level of end product. The list is not exhaustive and will be updated. Pilling Tester Purpose: To test the pilling (hair ball) characteristic of fabric Process: A fabric specimen of 10cm X 12cm […]

Common testing equipments in Apparel sector


When we go to an warehouse we hear a lot of strange terminologies . It gets us weeks to understand each one fully. We will discuss the terminologies used in Apparel sector warehouse here. The list is not exhaustive and will be updated. ASN:- ASN stands for Advance shipment note […]

Warehouse Terminologies: Warehousing series 2


Today in the era of production, we all strive day and night to refine our processes. But after a point of time we feel that the growth has started slowing down even if our efforts are not. Something is holding on the processes. There can be a lot of factors. […]

Warehouse: The Backbone of Supply Chain



Spinning is a major part of the textile industry. It is a part of the manufacturing process where fiber is converted into yarn, then fabric, which undergoes finishing processes such as bleaching to become textiles. Spinning is the twisting together of drawn out strands of fibers to form yarn, though […]

From Raw Cotton to Cotton Threads: The Spinning Process


every day we live in a world where products, situations. and experiences often are designed in a certain way, but because these are the smallest things which can cause a discomfort and often a diversion in a way we interact with these objects, services, often we tend to ignore them […]

Design errors


The Juran Trilogy Conversion of goals into results (making quality happen) is done through managerial processes—sequences of activities that produce the intended results Managing for quality makes extensive use of three such managerial processes: These processes are now known as the “Juran trilogy” What is Quality Planning It is a […]

THE QUALITY PLANNING PROCESS



Washing is a process which changes outer appearance, comfort, feel of the garment. Wash types usually depend on the product nature and usage. Based on consumer demand and fashion trends buyers fix washing type of any product. Garment wash here refers to garment pre- wash performed after production of garment’s […]

Washing: Equipment and processes


1) PACKAGING 1.1) INTRODUCTION Packaging means wrapping, compressing, filling or creating of goods for the purpose of protection of goods and their convenient handling. Packaging is an important part of the product, which has to receive a lot of attention to the people. It is concerned with designing & producing […]

Packaging & Folding of Garments


OBJECTIVES Identifying & analyzing supervisor development needs. Developing supervisor capabilities to support the implementation of the management strategies. Help supervisors to develop strategies to adopt the change. Provide opportunities for technological updating. Train the supervisor for post MFA era.   The Supervisor’s Job Line Balancing:           Senior management will select […]

Garment Supervisor Training



    Introduction Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) is a methodology for analyzing potential reliability problems early in the development cycle. By performing this analysis earlier in the design process, it is easier to take actions to overcome these issues, thereby enhancing reliability through design.   “Failure modes” means […]

Failure Mode and Effects Analysis(FMEA)


ABOUT WRAP ·         Worldwide Responsible Accredited Production (WRAP) is an independent, objective, non-profit team of global social compliance experts dedicated to promoting safe, lawful, humane and ethical manufacturing around the world through certification and education. ·         WRAP is headquartered in Arlington, Virginia, USA and has branch offices in Hong Kong and Bangladesh […]

WRAP


Occupational Safety And Health Administration Created on December 29, 1970 Created by United States Congress and President Richard Nixon Mission to assure safe and healthful conditions for working men and women by setting and enforcing standards and providing training, outreach, education and compliance assistance INTRODUCTION Under the OSHA law, employers […]

OSHA



INTRODUCTION TO 6 SIGMA Six Sigma is a method that provides organizations tools to improve the capability of their business processes. This increase in performance and decrease in process variation lead to defect reduction and improvement in profits, employee morale, and quality of products or services. Six Sigma quality is […]

Six Sigma


The Left and Right Hand Chart is a process chart in which the activities of a worker’s hands (or limbs) are recorded in their relationship to one another. It is a specialized form of process chart because it shows the two hands (and sometimes the feet) of the operative moving […]

LEFT HAND-RIGHT HAND CHART (Two-handed Process Chart)


Multiple activity charts are the process charts using a time scale. It usually comes in picture when work study man wants to record the activities of one subject with respect to other on a single chart. Subject may be the worker, machine or equipment. Multiple Activity Charts are a very […]

Multiple Activity Chart



Method Study is the study of work (method) for a job to achieve process improvement, improve layout, improve design, better working environment, and reducing fatigue. Method study is more of a systematic approach to job design than a set of techniques It is defined as the systematic recording and critical examination of existing and […]

Method Study


Today in India the readymade garments sector has had an commendable and impressive growth and is an an important contributer to Indias export basket. But who knows what goes on inside in the industry ,the workers have to sit or stand throughout the day in constricted places to reach targets […]

Ergonomics at workplace


INTRODUCTION Dyes are colored organic compounds used to impart color onto cloth. The current process for dyeing textiles is operative, but inefficient and harmful. The primary function of water in the dyeing process is to rinse excess dye off of the fabrics that have been colored. All of the current […]

Waterless Dyeing



INTRODUCTION Synthetic fibers are the most popular fibers in the world. They account for about 65% of world production versus 35% for natural fibers. Most synthetic fibers (approximately 70%) are made from polyester. The polyester most often used in textiles is polyethylene terephthalate (PET). When used in a fabric, it is most […]

Recycled Polyethylene Terephthalate (rPET)


The popular definition of lean is: “It is a comprehensive set of techniques that, when combined and matured, will allow you to reduce and then eliminate the seven wastes. This system not only will make your company leaner, but subsequently more leaner more flexible and responsive by reducing waste.” “A […]

Lean Manufacturing


WOVEN FABRIC DEFECTS A Fabric Defect is any abnormality in the Fabric that hinders its acceptability by the consumer. Due to the increasing demand for quality fabrics, high quality requirements are today greater since customer has become more aware of poor quality problems. To avoid rejection of fabric, it is […]

Fabric Defect, Causes and Remedies



The equations of various productivity measurement methods are given below:- A. Physical Productivity Measurement Method:- Labor Productivity = (volume of output) / (Volume of labor input) Material Productivity = (volume of output) / (Volume of material input) Machine Productivity = (Volume of output) / (Volume of machine input) Energy Productivity […]

Productivity Measurement Methods


Productivity Productivity is a relationship between input and output. Productivity= (Output/Input) Productivity denotes the productivness of the factors of production, labour and capital, in citation of wealth (BIMF 1976). It is concerned with the efficient utilization of resources (inputs) in producing goods (output). Efficiency is the ratio of actual output […]

What is Productivity?


In order that thread should sew well, it must be presented to the machine in a satisfactory way. It must be possible to purchase it in economically large or small quantities, while still having the right number of separate package for use on multi-thread machines. It is sold by length […]

Thread Packages



-An article by Chitranshu Katiyar FINISHING A series of processing operations applied to gray fabric to enhance their appearance and hand, properties and possible applications. In textile manufacturing, finishing refers to the processes that convert the woven or knitted cloth into a usable material and more specifically to any process […]

Eco-Friendly Finishes


In this Part we will be dealing with fabric finishes based on Aesthetics point of view. Aesthetics:- The appearance of the fabric is conventionally thought to be a result of the combination of yarn, weave, per-treatment, dying and printing. But now a day a lot of mechanical and chemical processes […]

Aesthetic Finishes


Garment Finishing
What is finishing? A series of processing operations applied to gray fabric to enhance their appearance and hand, properties and possible applications. In textile manufacturing, finishing refers to the processes that convert the woven or knitted cloth into a usable material and more specifically to any process performed after dyeing […]

Fabric and Garment Finshes : A basic Overview



Jacket designed for cyclist
  Rahul Kumar -National Institute of Fashion Technology, Bengaluru INTRODUCTION Cyclist accounts for more than half of all the road fatalities in India. [A study by Michigan University and Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi]. A very huge section of population still consider bicycle whether as a means of transportation or […]

HIGH VISIBILITY CLOTHING : the future rolling ahead