relevents Dyeing


There are several different ways by which coloring materials are classified; the following are the most useful ones for the dyer: 1. Classification according to solubility 2. Soluble dyes (anionic or cationic) 3. Disperse dyes (non-ionic, very slightly water soluble) 4. Pigments (insoluble) 2. Classification according to method of application […]

Classification of Textile Dye


TEXTILE PRINTING Color designs are developed on fabrics by printing with dyes and pigments in paste form with specially designed machines. Printing is used to apply coloring localized areas only. Printed fabrics usually have clear-cut edges in the printed portions on the face of the fabric. Printing allows for great […]

Textile and garment Printing


COLOR FASTNESS Property of a pigment or dye to retain its original hue, especially without fading, running, or changing when wetted, washed, cleaned; or stored under normal conditions when exposed to light, heat, or other influences. Factors Affecting Color Fastness Fiber Type Class of Dye Used Dyeing or Printing Process […]

Colour Fastness & Shade Matching



Shape Retention Finishes Apparel products retain their shape and their pressed appearance even after many wearing, washings and dry cleaning sessions“ Durable Press, Wrinkle Free, Wrinkle Resistant and Permanent Press”. Wrinkles are due to crushes on fabric during use and care. Wrinkle recovery depends on ‘Cross Links’ in inner molecular […]

Functional Finishes


Washing is a process which changes outer appearance, comfort, feel of the garment. Wash types usually depend on the product nature and usage. Based on consumer demand and fashion trends buyers fix washing type of any product. Garment wash here refers to garment pre- wash performed after production of garment’s […]

Washing: Equipment and processes


INTRODUCTION Dyes are colored organic compounds used to impart color onto cloth. The current process for dyeing textiles is operative, but inefficient and harmful. The primary function of water in the dyeing process is to rinse excess dye off of the fabrics that have been colored. All of the current […]

Waterless Dyeing



INTRODUCTION Synthetic fibers are the most popular fibers in the world. They account for about 65% of world production versus 35% for natural fibers. Most synthetic fibers (approximately 70%) are made from polyester. The polyester most often used in textiles is polyethylene terephthalate (PET). When used in a fabric, it is most […]

Recycled Polyethylene Terephthalate (rPET)


WOVEN FABRIC DEFECTS A Fabric Defect is any abnormality in the Fabric that hinders its acceptability by the consumer. Due to the increasing demand for quality fabrics, high quality requirements are today greater since customer has become more aware of poor quality problems. To avoid rejection of fabric, it is […]

Fabric Defect, Causes and Remedies


-An article by Chitranshu Katiyar FINISHING A series of processing operations applied to gray fabric to enhance their appearance and hand, properties and possible applications. In textile manufacturing, finishing refers to the processes that convert the woven or knitted cloth into a usable material and more specifically to any process […]

Eco-Friendly Finishes



Garment Finishing
What is finishing? A series of processing operations applied to gray fabric to enhance their appearance and hand, properties and possible applications. In textile manufacturing, finishing refers to the processes that convert the woven or knitted cloth into a usable material and more specifically to any process performed after dyeing […]

Fabric and Garment Finshes : A basic Overview