relevents GIN


There are several different ways by which coloring materials are classified; the following are the most useful ones for the dyer: 1. Classification according to solubility 2. Soluble dyes (anionic or cationic) 3. Disperse dyes (non-ionic, very slightly water soluble) 4. Pigments (insoluble) 2. Classification according to method of application […]

Classification of Textile Dye


COLOR FASTNESS Property of a pigment or dye to retain its original hue, especially without fading, running, or changing when wetted, washed, cleaned; or stored under normal conditions when exposed to light, heat, or other influences. Factors Affecting Color Fastness Fiber Type Class of Dye Used Dyeing or Printing Process […]

Colour Fastness & Shade Matching


Shape Retention Finishes Apparel products retain their shape and their pressed appearance even after many wearing, washings and dry cleaning sessions“ Durable Press, Wrinkle Free, Wrinkle Resistant and Permanent Press”. Wrinkles are due to crushes on fabric during use and care. Wrinkle recovery depends on ‘Cross Links’ in inner molecular […]

Functional Finishes



Everyday we come across galla of terms related to fashion trade, some we know and some we don’t. We have listed down here the terminologies of fashion and their explanation. 1.Clothes :- It is a collective term for all items of apparel worn by men, women & children 2.Costumes:- The […]

Fashion Terminologies


clothing manufacturer
Finding the right clothing manufacturer for your product and your business has never been easier and harder at the same time. Entering the world of fashion manufacturing can be a mix of initial excitement followed by angst, unnecessary expense, and frustration. But if you give up now, then you never […]

6 Tips to Find the Right Clothing Manufacturer


WHAT IS A GARMENT SPEC SHEET? A garment specification sheet or spec sheet is a technical document that contains the construction details of the product, a technical diagram/ sketch of the garment and the measurements of a product. Specification sheets are the blueprint of a product, sometimes referred to as […]

How to Make a Garment Specsheet



Fusing is a base fabric having a deposition of thermoplastic adhesive resin which can be bonded to another fabric by the application of heat and pressure. Regardless of which fusible and machine are used, fusing is controlled by four processing components – temperature, time, pressure and cooling and these have […]

What is garment fusing and factors affecting it


INTRODUCTION: Today’s competitive market’s main aim is to satisfy customer needs in limited period of time. The faster the product is brought to the market the more competitive edge the company is likely to have as faster product availability is key to increasing sales. The importance of speed-to-market has made […]

Supplier Performance Management


Trims are materials used to ornament or enhance garments. They are visible parts of garments that may be used to increase hanger appeal, provide product differentiation, relate to current fashion trends, and carry a theme through an entire collection. Trims include a broad range of materials and treatment that may […]

Trims specification series: Zippers



According to Gene Levine ” TIme study is a procedure used to determine the time it should take a well-trained, qualified  person with average motivation, working at normal pace, using a specific method, to do a specific task of specific quantity.” The procedure employs the stopwatch as a measuring device. […]

Time study : Benefits and Practices


When we go to an warehouse we hear a lot of strange terminologies . It gets us weeks to understand each one fully. We will discuss the terminologies used in Apparel sector warehouse here. The list is not exhaustive and will be updated. ASN:- ASN stands for Advance shipment note […]

Warehouse Terminologies: Warehousing series 2


Today in the era of production, we all strive day and night to refine our processes. But after a point of time we feel that the growth has started slowing down even if our efforts are not. Something is holding on the processes. There can be a lot of factors. […]

Warehouse: The Backbone of Supply Chain



The Juran Trilogy Conversion of goals into results (making quality happen) is done through managerial processes—sequences of activities that produce the intended results Managing for quality makes extensive use of three such managerial processes: These processes are now known as the “Juran trilogy” What is Quality Planning It is a […]

THE QUALITY PLANNING PROCESS


Washing is a process which changes outer appearance, comfort, feel of the garment. Wash types usually depend on the product nature and usage. Based on consumer demand and fashion trends buyers fix washing type of any product. Garment wash here refers to garment pre- wash performed after production of garment’s […]

Washing: Equipment and processes


1) PACKAGING 1.1) INTRODUCTION Packaging means wrapping, compressing, filling or creating of goods for the purpose of protection of goods and their convenient handling. Packaging is an important part of the product, which has to receive a lot of attention to the people. It is concerned with designing & producing […]

Packaging & Folding of Garments



    Introduction Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) is a methodology for analyzing potential reliability problems early in the development cycle. By performing this analysis earlier in the design process, it is easier to take actions to overcome these issues, thereby enhancing reliability through design.   “Failure modes” means […]

Failure Mode and Effects Analysis(FMEA)


ABOUT WRAP ·         Worldwide Responsible Accredited Production (WRAP) is an independent, objective, non-profit team of global social compliance experts dedicated to promoting safe, lawful, humane and ethical manufacturing around the world through certification and education. ·         WRAP is headquartered in Arlington, Virginia, USA and has branch offices in Hong Kong and Bangladesh […]

WRAP


INTRODUCTION TO 6 SIGMA Six Sigma is a method that provides organizations tools to improve the capability of their business processes. This increase in performance and decrease in process variation lead to defect reduction and improvement in profits, employee morale, and quality of products or services. Six Sigma quality is […]

Six Sigma




Multiple activity charts are the process charts using a time scale. It usually comes in picture when work study man wants to record the activities of one subject with respect to other on a single chart. Subject may be the worker, machine or equipment. Multiple Activity Charts are a very […]

Multiple Activity Chart


Method Study is the study of work (method) for a job to achieve process improvement, improve layout, improve design, better working environment, and reducing fatigue. Method study is more of a systematic approach to job design than a set of techniques It is defined as the systematic recording and critical examination of existing and […]

Method Study



INTRODUCTION Dyes are colored organic compounds used to impart color onto cloth. The current process for dyeing textiles is operative, but inefficient and harmful. The primary function of water in the dyeing process is to rinse excess dye off of the fabrics that have been colored. All of the current […]

Waterless Dyeing


INTRODUCTION Synthetic fibers are the most popular fibers in the world. They account for about 65% of world production versus 35% for natural fibers. Most synthetic fibers (approximately 70%) are made from polyester. The polyester most often used in textiles is polyethylene terephthalate (PET). When used in a fabric, it is most […]

Recycled Polyethylene Terephthalate (rPET)


The popular definition of lean is: “It is a comprehensive set of techniques that, when combined and matured, will allow you to reduce and then eliminate the seven wastes. This system not only will make your company leaner, but subsequently more leaner more flexible and responsive by reducing waste.” “A […]

Lean Manufacturing



WOVEN FABRIC DEFECTS A Fabric Defect is any abnormality in the Fabric that hinders its acceptability by the consumer. Due to the increasing demand for quality fabrics, high quality requirements are today greater since customer has become more aware of poor quality problems. To avoid rejection of fabric, it is […]

Fabric Defect, Causes and Remedies


The equations of various productivity measurement methods are given below:- A. Physical Productivity Measurement Method:- Labor Productivity = (volume of output) / (Volume of labor input) Material Productivity = (volume of output) / (Volume of material input) Machine Productivity = (Volume of output) / (Volume of machine input) Energy Productivity […]

Productivity Measurement Methods


In order that thread should sew well, it must be presented to the machine in a satisfactory way. It must be possible to purchase it in economically large or small quantities, while still having the right number of separate package for use on multi-thread machines. It is sold by length […]

Types of Thread Packages in garment industry



-An article by Chitranshu Katiyar FINISHING A series of processing operations applied to gray fabric to enhance their appearance and hand, properties and possible applications. In textile manufacturing, finishing refers to the processes that convert the woven or knitted cloth into a usable material and more specifically to any process […]

Eco-Friendly Finishes


Jacket designed for cyclist
  Rahul Kumar -National Institute of Fashion Technology, Bengaluru INTRODUCTION Cyclist accounts for more than half of all the road fatalities in India. [A study by Michigan University and Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi]. A very huge section of population still consider bicycle whether as a means of transportation or […]

HIGH VISIBILITY CLOTHING : the future rolling ahead