relevents operation


TEXTILE PRINTING Color designs are developed on fabrics by printing with dyes and pigments in paste form with specially designed machines. Printing is used to apply coloring localized areas only. Printed fabrics usually have clear-cut edges in the printed portions on the face of the fabric. Printing allows for great […]

Textile and garment Printing


Shape Retention Finishes Apparel products retain their shape and their pressed appearance even after many wearing, washings and dry cleaning sessions“ Durable Press, Wrinkle Free, Wrinkle Resistant and Permanent Press”. Wrinkles are due to crushes on fabric during use and care. Wrinkle recovery depends on ‘Cross Links’ in inner molecular […]

Functional Finishes


Fusing is a base fabric having a deposition of thermoplastic adhesive resin which can be bonded to another fabric by the application of heat and pressure. Regardless of which fusible and machine are used, fusing is controlled by four processing components – temperature, time, pressure and cooling and these have […]

What is garment fusing and factors affecting it



INTRODUCTION: Today’s competitive market’s main aim is to satisfy customer needs in limited period of time. The faster the product is brought to the market the more competitive edge the company is likely to have as faster product availability is key to increasing sales. The importance of speed-to-market has made […]

Supplier Performance Management


Trims are materials used to ornament or enhance garments. They are visible parts of garments that may be used to increase hanger appeal, provide product differentiation, relate to current fashion trends, and carry a theme through an entire collection. Trims include a broad range of materials and treatment that may […]

Trims specification series: Zippers


Since we have discussed in the previous article about time study benefits and practices, the next step is to gather the standard data against which the operator rating, improvement plans, incentive schemes and other key points have to be decided. So in this article we will discuss how to gather […]

Steps of gathering standard data in time study



According to Gene Levine ” TIme study is a procedure used to determine the time it should take a well-trained, qualified  person with average motivation, working at normal pace, using a specific method, to do a specific task of specific quantity.” The procedure employs the stopwatch as a measuring device. […]

Time study : Benefits and Practices


When we go to an warehouse we hear a lot of strange terminologies . It gets us weeks to understand each one fully. We will discuss the terminologies used in Apparel sector warehouse here. The list is not exhaustive and will be updated. ASN:- ASN stands for Advance shipment note […]

Warehouse Terminologies: Warehousing series 2


Today in the era of production, we all strive day and night to refine our processes. But after a point of time we feel that the growth has started slowing down even if our efforts are not. Something is holding on the processes. There can be a lot of factors. […]

Warehouse: The Backbone of Supply Chain



Spinning is a major part of the textile industry. It is a part of the manufacturing process where fiber is converted into yarn, then fabric, which undergoes finishing processes such as bleaching to become textiles. Spinning is the twisting together of drawn out strands of fibers to form yarn, though […]

From Raw Cotton to Cotton Threads: The Spinning Process


The Juran Trilogy Conversion of goals into results (making quality happen) is done through managerial processes—sequences of activities that produce the intended results Managing for quality makes extensive use of three such managerial processes: These processes are now known as the “Juran trilogy” What is Quality Planning It is a […]

THE QUALITY PLANNING PROCESS


Washing is a process which changes outer appearance, comfort, feel of the garment. Wash types usually depend on the product nature and usage. Based on consumer demand and fashion trends buyers fix washing type of any product. Garment wash here refers to garment pre- wash performed after production of garment’s […]

Washing: Equipment and processes



1) PACKAGING 1.1) INTRODUCTION Packaging means wrapping, compressing, filling or creating of goods for the purpose of protection of goods and their convenient handling. Packaging is an important part of the product, which has to receive a lot of attention to the people. It is concerned with designing & producing […]

Packaging & Folding of Garments


    Introduction Failure Modes and Effects Analysis (FMEA) is a methodology for analyzing potential reliability problems early in the development cycle. By performing this analysis earlier in the design process, it is easier to take actions to overcome these issues, thereby enhancing reliability through design.   “Failure modes” means […]

Failure Mode and Effects Analysis(FMEA)


ABOUT WRAP ·         Worldwide Responsible Accredited Production (WRAP) is an independent, objective, non-profit team of global social compliance experts dedicated to promoting safe, lawful, humane and ethical manufacturing around the world through certification and education. ·         WRAP is headquartered in Arlington, Virginia, USA and has branch offices in Hong Kong and Bangladesh […]

WRAP



INTRODUCTION TO 6 SIGMA Six Sigma is a method that provides organizations tools to improve the capability of their business processes. This increase in performance and decrease in process variation lead to defect reduction and improvement in profits, employee morale, and quality of products or services. Six Sigma quality is […]

Six Sigma



Multiple activity charts are the process charts using a time scale. It usually comes in picture when work study man wants to record the activities of one subject with respect to other on a single chart. Subject may be the worker, machine or equipment. Multiple Activity Charts are a very […]

Multiple Activity Chart



Method Study is the study of work (method) for a job to achieve process improvement, improve layout, improve design, better working environment, and reducing fatigue. Method study is more of a systematic approach to job design than a set of techniques It is defined as the systematic recording and critical examination of existing and […]

Method Study


INTRODUCTION Dyes are colored organic compounds used to impart color onto cloth. The current process for dyeing textiles is operative, but inefficient and harmful. The primary function of water in the dyeing process is to rinse excess dye off of the fabrics that have been colored. All of the current […]

Waterless Dyeing


The popular definition of lean is: “It is a comprehensive set of techniques that, when combined and matured, will allow you to reduce and then eliminate the seven wastes. This system not only will make your company leaner, but subsequently more leaner more flexible and responsive by reducing waste.” “A […]

Lean Manufacturing



-An article by Chitranshu Katiyar FINISHING A series of processing operations applied to gray fabric to enhance their appearance and hand, properties and possible applications. In textile manufacturing, finishing refers to the processes that convert the woven or knitted cloth into a usable material and more specifically to any process […]

Eco-Friendly Finishes


In this Part we will be dealing with fabric finishes based on Aesthetics point of view. Aesthetics:- The appearance of the fabric is conventionally thought to be a result of the combination of yarn, weave, per-treatment, dying and printing. But now a day a lot of mechanical and chemical processes […]

Aesthetic Finishes


Garment Finishing
What is finishing? A series of processing operations applied to gray fabric to enhance their appearance and hand, properties and possible applications. In textile manufacturing, finishing refers to the processes that convert the woven or knitted cloth into a usable material and more specifically to any process performed after dyeing […]

Fabric and Garment Finshes : A basic Overview